The History of Gambling

Playing casino games stays very popular since the beginning of time. The history of gambling goes back to the ancient times and there are much archaeological evidence that gambling was present in all advanced societies of the past: Greek, Egypt, India, China, Roma, etc. Numerous artifacts like dice, inscriptions of game rules and others were found all over the world. Some of them have been dated back to 2300 B.C. But it was the 14th century AD when gambling was considered to be against the law. King Henry VIII of England has banned gambling when he found out that his soldiers were spending more time playing than actually working.

The practice of paper money shuffling in ancient China became the predecessor of the modern game we know as blackjack. The practice has evolved into card playing, which was borrowed by the Mameluke Empire. Mamelukes, being Muslims used various designs somewhat reminiscent of famous Muslim carpets, to decor the cards. Upon its arrival to Europe in the Middle Ages, the players started using royal ranks of men within the Royal Court to denote the cards. But it was only in the 1500’s, when the French have introduced the Queen to the cards. These cards were known as the “French Pack”, and were the direct predecessor of the modern 52 card deck.

Roulette, as a casino game also has a very interesting history. The word «roulette» means «a small wheel» in French. The game we know today was popular in France in Modern times, and was edited by Francois and Louis Blanc into the form we all are familiar with. They have introduced the “Single 0” to the game in 1842, and roulette was brought to America in that variation. The Americans have made their own version of the game, introducing the “Double 0” to the wheel. Thus, there were already two types of roulette – European and American. There are ongoing debates regarding the origin of the game itself. Some people claim that roulette was invented by Blaise Pascal, the French mathematician who lived in the 17th century. Other state that the game was introduced by the Chinese and brought to Europe by Dominican monks. Regardless of its origin, roulette still is the most fascinating casino games today.

Dice have been around for more than 20 centuries, being involved in numerous activities, ranging from gambling to religious rituals. Dice, as we know it now, are very popular due to the game called «craps». This game was highly popular among the rich and famous of the 18th and 19th century England, and was originally called «Hazard». It was imported into France, where it got its modern name. “Craps” has derived from the word “crabs”, meaning “pair of ones”. The game was a huge success in America, where it was simplified into the present form and played on steam powered show boats.

Gambling Jargon: Know the Lingo to Do the Deeds! Here’s the Jargon for Popular Table Games

Don’t be left out when playing games in the casino! Learn gambling vocabulary as you learn the games. It’s important to understand this so you won’t feel like a novice when playing table games.To get you started, here is the meaning of some of the terminology used in popular gambling games:

BLACKJACK

Basic Strategy – Plays you should make to maximize your advantage

Burn Cards – Removed cards after the shuffle

Bust/Break – Exceeding a hand total of 21

Card Counting – Memorizing played cards with an assigned value

Color Up – Cashing in your chips

Double Down – To double your initial bet following the initial 2 card deal

Even Money – Cashing in your bet for a 1/1 payout when you have a blackjack against a dealer ace

Face Cards – Jacks, Queens, Kings (AKA picture cards)

First Base – First seat to the dealer’s left

Hit/Draw – Calling for another card to add to your hand

Hole Card – The dealer’s face down card

Insurance – A side bet for the player when the dealer has an ace showing

Pat Hand – A had worth at least 17 points

Push/Tie – Player and dealer with the same hand total

Shoe – A device used for holding and dispensing cards

Soft Hand- A hand with an ace counted as 11 or 1

Stiff Hand – A hand with little chance of winning if hit

Surrender – Giving u your hand to lose one half of your bet

Third base – Last seat to the dealer’s right

Up Card – Dealer’s first dealt card face up

CRAPS

Any Craps – A dice total of 2, 3, or 12

Big Red – a bet in the Any Seven box

Boxcars – When the dice total 12

Capped Dice – Crooked dice

Cold Table – When most shooters are not winning

Come Bet – A bet made after the point is established

Come Out Roll – First roll of the dice in a round

Don’t Come Bet – A bet made after the point is established (Outcome is opposite of the Come Bet)

Don’t Pass Bet – Betting against the shooter before the Come Out Roll

Free Odds – An additional bet behind the Pass Line Bet taken at true odds

George – A good tipper

Hardway – A 4,6,8,10 thrown as pairs

Place Bet- Betting that a place number (4-6, 8-10) will be thrown before a 7

Point Number – One of the numbers 4-6, 8-10 made on the come out roll

Press A Bet – To double your bet amount

Proposition Bets – (AKA Prop Bets) one roll and Hardway bets

Right Bettor – Betting that the shooter will win

Seven Out – When a 7 is rolled before the point number

Shooter – Player currently rolling the dice

Snake Eyes – When the dice total 2

Stiff – A poor tipper

Toke – A tip given to the dealer

Vigorish – ( AKA Vig) commission taken by the house

Wrong Bettor – Betting that the shooter will lose

Yo – The number 11 (AKA Yo-Leven)

POKER (TEXAS HOLD’EM STYLE)

Aces Up – A pair of Aces with another pair

All In – Betting all your remaining chips

Ante – The opening bet before dealing begins

Belly Buster – An inside straight draw

Big Slick – An Ace and a King

Blinds – 2 forced bets before any cards are dealt (small blind & big blind)

Boat – Slang for a Full House

Broadway – The highest straight possible with mixed suits, 10, J, Q, K, A

Button – A disk placed in front of a player acting as the dealer

Bullets – A pair of Aces

Call – To match the current bet

Check – To defer making a bet until another player does

Cowboys – Slang for a pair of Kings

Dead Hand – A hand with no chance of winning

Donkey/Fish – A bad player

Drawing Dead – A hand that will lose even if it improves

Flop – The first 3 community cards

Flush – 5 cards of the same suit

Full House – (AKA Boat ) 3 of one kind and 2 of another

Kicker – The highest unpaired card in a hand

Ladies – Slang for a pair of Queens

Muck – Face down discarded hands

Nuts – The highest possible hand

Overcard – A card that is higher than another

Quads- 4 of a kind

Rag(s) – Cards that add no value to your hand

Rainbow – Cards with different suits

River – The 5th and final community card

Rounder – One who makes a living at playing cards

Royal Flush – The highest hand possible, a suited 10, J, Q, K, A

Set/Trips – 3 of a kind

Short Stack – Having the fewest chips at the table

Straight Flush – 5 suited cards in sequential order

Tells – Behavior that gives other players information about how you might play your hand

Tight – Someone who only plays premium hands

Tilt – Desperate to re-coup losses, causing bad decisions

Turn – The 4th community card

Under the Gun – First player to bet after the big blind

Wheel – The lowest straight possible with mixed suits A, 2, 3, 4,5

Wired – A pair dealt in the first 2 cards

So there you have it. Learning this jargon will assist you on your path to becoming a seasoned responsible gambler. Good Luck!